Main cable replacement study
Following the discovery of corrosion within the main cables of the Forth Road bridge, consulting engineers WA Fairhurst were appointed in September 2006 to examine possible options for the replacement or augmentation of the main cables.
Fairhurst were assisted by the Danish company Cowie Consult and the American company Amman and Whitney, both of whom have extensive international experience in cable supported bridges. Edinburgh consultant SIAS carried out traffic modeling and economic consultant Roger Tym & Partners assessed the economic impact of traffic restrictions on the bridge. The work was peer reviewed by consulting engineers Flint & Neill and Transport Scotland.
The study identified the most appropriate options for either replacement or augmentation of the main cables, should this become necessary.
The study also showed that replacement or augmentation, although technically feasible, would result in significant delays to the strategic road network over a period of 7-9 years if it had to be carried out without an alternative crossing in place.
The study concluded that major maintenance works on Forth Road Bridge over a sustained period, involving lane and carriageway closures, would potentially result in:
- economic output falling to a level in the order of £1 billion below that anticipated were the bridge to be operating normally
- a drop in turnover in excess of £1.3 billion below that anticipated were the bridge to be operating normally
- a loss of around 3,200 jobs, some of which may turn out to be permanent.
It should be noted that replacement or augmentation of the main cables would only become necessary if the main cable dehumidification system failed to continue preventing further loss of strength.